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Understanding the latest EN 14181 flow requirements

James Eldridge

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James Eldridge

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Following the revision to the Environment Agency鈥檚 MID for EN 16911-2 released at the beginning of 2024, there are a number of mandatory requirements that we need to adopt when performing QAL2 and AST testing for Volumetric Flow Rate and Velocity as per the stipulations of EN 14181.

 

What revisions have been made?

The first major change required is a highly recommended one-off 鈥榩re-investigation鈥 test for all newly installed CEMS. This is also recommended for existing CEMS. The pre-investigation test aims to determine whether the installed CEMS is suitable for the profile encountered at the sampling plane at varying flow rates, and the outcome of this test dictates which type of QAL2/AST is to be performed. The two types of QAL2/AST calibration are:

  1. Pre-Investigation outcome is a Pass: This allows for a Type 1 QAL2 / AST 鈥 this is a reduced test QAL2, whereby the minimum number of paired tests performed can reduce from a minimum of 15 to 9 (4 for an AST). There is no need for the operator to vary the flow profile over the course of the QAL2 or AST.
  2. Pre-Investigation outcome is a Fail or has not been completed: This requires a Type 2 QAL2 / AST, which involves a minimum of 15 paired measurements (5 for an AST). The Type 2 QAL2 is split into different test routes, following an assessment of the flow variability during normal operation over the last calendar year.

Notes:

If the lowest 10th percentile flow is determined to be >80% of the maximum flow, then the flow profile does not need to be altered by the operator during the QAL2 tests.

If the lowest 10th percentile flow is determined to be <80% of the maximum flow, then the operator must provide their testing partner with low flow conditions so a single test can be achieved at these conditions, before returning the flow to normal, as part of the QAL2 tests.

 

How to perform revised EN 14181 flow assessments

In order for an assessment of the varying flow over the last calendar year to be performed, contact your testing partner about submitting your CEMS data. This data should include the following:

  1. Time and date
  2. Volume Flow Rate value (corrected conditions)
  3. A tag or column highlights if the corresponding measurement is considered valid data (valid would be for example the plant operating normally / or is invalid due to start up or shut down / plant off or in maintenance cycle).

Upon receipt of the data, your testing partner will remove all invalid data, determine how varied your flow is over the normal operation, and then advise on what steps to take during your EN 14181 flow assessment.

 

 

The decision process for EN 14181 

The flow chart below demonstrates the decision process regarding EN 14181 flow assessments.

EN 14181 flow assessments

 

Summary of revisions and next steps

The recent revision to the Environment Agency鈥檚 MID for EN 16911-2, released in early 2024, brings significant changes to QAL2 and AST testing for Volumetric Flow Rate and Velocity under EN 14181. Collaboration with testing partners to assess flow variability over the past year is essential for EN 14181 flow assessment. These revisions highlight the importance of thorough testing and data analysis for reliable emissions monitoring systems.

Should you have any queries with the above information please contact our team or James Eldridge directly for clarification.

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About the author

With nearly two decades immersed in the industrial emissions business, James Eldridge is a highly experienced expert contributing his wealth of technical knowledge to the 国产偷拍自拍 Environmental team.

From his beginnings as a Technician mastering stack emissions testing to his tenure as Operations Manager, James has honed his skills to become a trusted leader. Now, he not only shares his expertise with colleagues but also shapes the future of emissions experts through tailored training programs and participation in industry-standard courses.

Situated in Stockport, James delivers a personable service to clients, embodying professionalism at every turn.

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James Eldridge

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